專欄五。涵構與構築

 Column 5th  Tectonic & Context 

建築被建立在材料及環境的基礎上,就地取材、因地制宜是當代建築需要面對最重要的課題之一。建築的構築術與環境涵構,不僅需要面對在地微觀的建築、都市尺度,更需要關注巨觀全球議題。特別是臺灣作為一個四面環海的島嶼,不僅天然資源匱乏,土地的使用也受到嚴峻的限制,近年更受到全球暖化、氣候變異的影響,頻率越來越高的暴雨型氣候已經嚴重影響臺灣人的日常生活。逐漸上升的海平面,嚴重威脅著臺灣都市的生存及發展。建築作為一個社會行動,解決全球與在地環境問題的需要已刻不容緩。
過去30 年來,臺灣的製造業由於超短供應鏈以及超大供應圈的特質,使得全球知名的「臺灣製造」成為多元、彈性、快速的代名詞。這些臺灣製造的產業受限於天然資源的匱乏,使得臺灣人謹慎的回收再利用各種資源,除了從原物料製造成各種產品,更從回收的產品分解成為原物料,回收再製造逐步發展成為臺灣重要產業。臺灣再製不僅創造下一世代的經濟奇蹟,更創造了下一世代建築生產的可能性。
臺灣的日常建築反映了建築產業的現狀、反映了環境社會的涵構。從街頭巷尾隨手可得的工具、再製造的材料,到素人建築師的自力營造行動,說明臺灣人在建築的前線,面對全球及在地的環境,樂觀積極的性格改善對現狀的不滿足,以臺灣再製的經驗複製多元、彈性、快速的建築生產模式。這些日常建築不僅反映生活的涵構,更反映「再」製造產業逐步改變建築的構築術。建築作為最大量體的人造物,必須面臨著環境、社會等各種挑戰。除了作為文化藝術、經濟產業以外,更需要成為一種社會的行動,真實解決環境及社會的問題。「臺灣再製」不僅和世界分享臺灣日常建築反應構築與涵構的方法,更說明臺灣作為世界公民的一份子,積極的提出解決方案以面對環境社會綜合的複雜問題。

Architecture is built on the foundation of material and environment. Using local materials and coping with local conditions are the two most important issues in contemporary architecture. Architecture’s tectonic and environmental context not only have to respond to local micro architecture and urban scale, but also macro global issues. Especially, Taiwan is an island where natural resources are scarce and use of land faces strict limitations; in recent years, Taiwan has seen increased frequency of extreme storm weather as the result of global warming and climate change, which has impacted Taiwanese people’s everyday life. As sea level gradually rises, it posses a serious threat to Taiwan’s urban survival and development. As a social action, architecture should address and solve global and local environmental issues as soon as possible.
Over the past thirty years, Taiwan’s manufacturing industry leveraged the unique characteristics of ultra-short supply chain and super-sized supply circle to build the world-famous “Made in Taiwan” label into the synonym of diverse, flexible, and rapid. These “Made in Taiwan” industries are limited by insufficient natural resources, and so people in Taiwan meticulously recycle and reutilize all kinds of resources. In addition to various products made from raw materials, people recycle used products and break them down into raw materials; recycling and reproduction have thus developed gradually into important industries of Taiwan. “Re:Made in Taiwan” not only will give rise to next generation economic miracle, but also generate possibilities for next generation architectural production.Taiwan’s everyday architecture reflects the status quo of the architecture industry, as well as the context of its environment and society. Common tools that can be found everywhere, reproduced materials, and confident constructions carried out by amateur architects are illustrations of how Taiwanese people try to overcome existing barriers with an optimistic and positive attitude facing global and local environment at the front of architecture, using the experience of Re:Made in Taiwan to reproduce the diverse, flexible, and rapid architectural production model. This everyday architecture not only reflects the context of life, but also manifests “Re:Made in Taiwan” industries’ tectonic to gradually change architecture.
As artificial structures of massive volumes, architectures face all kinds of environmental and social challenges. In addition to being regarded as cultural art and economic industry, architecture needs to become a kind of social action to really solve environmental and social issues. “Re:Made in Taiwan” not only shares with the world how Taiwanese everyday architecture responds to tectonic and context, it also explains how, as a world citizen, Taiwan is proactively proposing solutions for complex composite issues of environment and society.

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